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What Are The Differences of the Three Types of Solvents Used in Industries?

The reason why there are so many different industrial cleaning products out there is because each one of them is manufactured for a certain purpose or use. One of the most commonly used is solvents. Well, even cleaning solvents are classified into different kinds or types. These are oxygenated, hydrocarbon, and halogenated solvents. If you’re in the market looking for the right cleaning solvent to use for your specific industry, you must first learn the characteristics of these three.

1 – Oxygenated Solvents

To produce this kind of solvent, there’s a need to distill components from certain chemicals. The idea is to create the ideal balance and consistency for the production of the end product. Perhaps the most important attribute of oxygenated solvent is its superbly high rate of purity as a result of a careful and advanced refinement process. For the most part, excess water as well as the littlest signs of particulate matter are removed. The most known industrial cleaning supplies that belong to this category include glycol ethers, ketones, and alcohol.

2 – Hydrocarbon Type of Solvents

The next type of industrial solvent called hydrocarbon solvents contain what their names say, which is special hydrocarbons. The solvent’s composition allows it to be an ideal option for an extensive range of cleaning needs. They also are a bit more complex when it comes to their formulation compared to the first type. The complexity of this solvent is relatively obvious in certain characteristics, including flashpoint, color, aromatic quality, and solute composition. So far, the most renowned examples of hydrocarbon solvents are petroleum ether, benzene, and turpentine. But if you’re planning to use hydrocarbon solvents for whatever type of cleaning, you need to understand that some of them may emit hazardous air pollutants.

3 – Halogenated Solvents

Although halogenated solvents are still generally considered hydrocarbon, the difference is that they’ve been subjected to chlorination. With regards to aroma and quality, it’s actually quite easy to distinguish halogenated solvents from the conventional hydrocarbon because they’re a bit more pungent. This type of solvent is likewise as effective as the other two solvents we talked about earlier. The most common examples are chlorobenzene, dichloromethane, and trichloroethylene. But then again, the fact that halogenated solvents are still hydrocarbon, it means they potentially could emit HAPs.

Depending on what industry you’re in, you could be using all types of solvents or just one or a couple of them. Of course, you also have to factor in the specific use of the solvent. We do recommend that you stick to industrial solvents that are not known to be harmful to the environment.
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